coin tossing

coin tossing
бросание монеты

English-Russian scientific dictionary. 2008.

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  • Feller's coin-tossing constants — are a set of numerical constants which describe asymptotic probabilities that in n independent tosses of a fair coin, no run of k consecutive heads (or, equally, tails) appears. William Feller showed [Feller, W. (1968) An Introduction to… …   Wikipedia

  • Coin flipping — or coin tossing or heads or tails is the practice of throwing a coin in the air to choose between two alternatives, sometimes to resolve a dispute between two parties. It is a form of sortition which inherently has only two possible and equally… …   Wikipedia

  • tossing — tÉ‘s /tÉ’s n. throw, pitch; flipping of a coin to decide a matter v. throw, fling, pitch; roll, rock …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Fair coin — In probability theory and statistics, a sequence of independent Bernoulli trials with probability 1/2 of success on each trial is metaphorically called a fair coin. One for which the probability is not 1/2 is called a biased or unfair coin. Fair… …   Wikipedia

  • Checking whether a coin is fair — In statistics, the question of checking whether a coin is fair is one whose importance lies, firstly, in providing a simple problem on which to illustrate basic ideas of statistical inference and, secondly, in providing a simple problem that can… …   Wikipedia

  • Checking if a coin is fair — In statistics, a fair coin is an idealized randomizing device with two states (usually named heads and tails ) which are equally likely to occur. It is based on the ubiquitous coin flip used in sports and other situations where it is necessary to …   Wikipedia

  • probability theory — Math., Statistics. the theory of analyzing and making statements concerning the probability of the occurrence of uncertain events. Cf. probability (def. 4). [1830 40] * * * Branch of mathematics that deals with analysis of random events.… …   Universalium

  • Chess960 starting position — Chess960 is a chess variant in which the arrangement of pieces on the first rank is randomly generated. There are 960 possible starting positions, hence the name. The starting position can be generated before the game either by a computer program …   Wikipedia

  • Gambler's fallacy — The Gambler s fallacy, also known as the Monte Carlo fallacy (because its most famous example happened in a Monte Carlo Casino in 1913)[1], and also referred to as the fallacy of the maturity of chances, is the belief that if deviations from… …   Wikipedia

  • Martingale (betting system) — For the generalised mathematical concept, see martingale (probability theory). Originally, martingale referred to a class of betting strategies popular in 18th century France. The simplest of these strategies was designed for a game in which the… …   Wikipedia

  • Generalizations of Fibonacci numbers — In mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers form a sequence defined recursively by:: F (0) = 0: F (1) = 1: F ( n ) = F ( n 1) + F ( n 2), for integer n > 1.That is, after two starting values, each number is the sum of the two preceding numbers.The… …   Wikipedia


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